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Published 14 Mar, 2019

Results of the Gdynia urban/transport CNC node Pilot Case published

Gdynia is a key port gateway and an entry and exit hub for the eastern branch of the TEN-T Baltic-Adriatic Corridor (BAC) with its primary transport infrastructure. The railway links form the European Freight Corridor No. 5, the road connections of E-75 and E-77 have the European status, while the maritime stretches compose short sea shipping connections with many Baltic ports as well as an important Motorway of the Sea (MoS) between the ports of Gdynia and Karlskrona. At the same time, Gdynia serves as a key urban node where the last mile TEN-T corridor infrastructure mixes with the infrastructure for regional and local traffic.

As stated in the TEN-T Guidelines, in urban nodes seamless connection should be ensured between the two subsets of infrastructure. However, no guidance has been issued how to achieve that. Neither is advice available how to combine it with the need to improve accessibility and multimodal capacity of the TEN-T core seaport in the context of dynamically growing volumes. The current last mile access networks are not able to carry the flows, forecasted to almost double in 2027, and nearly triple in 2045 This threatens Gdynia port’s capability to long-term serve supply chains in the global and the Baltic trade dimensions.

The predominant objective of Gdynia in the BSR flagship TENTacle project is preparing the urban-port (cohesive) transport system as a vital node in the TEN-T. TENTacle project may bring groundbreaking urban node “road map” of Gdynia and the Tri-City MEGA Metropolis by meeting and agreeing the opportunities and possibilities for the development and integration of transport infrastructure, to implement modern, innovative technologies and transport management systems. All stakeholders of the Gdynia “urban node” were invited to cooperate in identifying the most important transport needs. Only miltimodal transport can be utilised  to optimise the  development (competitiveness) of cities and regions as well as environmental protection. TENTacIe project continued the earlier involvements oriented at greening transport system ("SoNorA” or "BGLC" projects).

Within the framework of the TENTacle projetc, the City of Gdynia in the TENTacle project has generated the following reports:

1. Last mile study for integrated CNC-urban node focusing on investments complementary to BAC work plan

The goal of the study is to develop the concept of an optimal, resource-efficient transport system in the last mile section of the Baltic-Adriatic corridor in Gdynia in 2030 and prognostically by 2045.

The study consists of 5 separate documents that make up the entire content:

  • Document 1a: Analysis and forecast of freight and passenger traffic from / to the sea port in Gdynia,
  • Document 1b: Multi-variant concept of road infrastructure access to the Port, industrial shipyard areas and neighboring communes based on projects included in the document: “BACWork Plan” 
  • Document 1c: Traffic forecast in the BAC Work Plan implementation area  in the city of Gdynia and neighboring communes (including: Kosakowo, Rumia, Reda).  
  • Document 1d: Technical and technological as well as operational, economic and financial analysis of the variants presented in the Document 2 and a comparative analysis (financial and socio-economic) of these variants, enabling decision regarding the implementation of the best option for the Gdynia transport system development in the TEN-T core network
  • Document 1e: Transport White Paper of the CNC node Gdynia (seaport) - the concept of a freight and passenger traffic organization in view of 2027 and 2045

2. Road map (multi-level governance schemes for Gdynia urban/transport CNC node)

The road map is a schedule for implementing optimal methods to improve the management of the core network transport node in Gdynia, with consistent consideration of the needs of all stakeholders of the node.

Urban nodes shall make best use of their exemplary roles on multi-level governance and as forerunners on innovative and low-carbon solutions.

(TEN-T Corridors: Forerunners of a forward looking European Transport System Issues papers of European Coordinators – TEN-T Days 2016 Rotterdam)

The road map schemes of multi-level management of Gdynia city/transport node in the corridor of the TEN-T core network of the flagship project TENTacle merges key tools of EU transport policy in the city area, indicated in the Transport White Paper (2011) to create a competitive and resource-efficient transport system in the EU. These are:

  • TEN-T core transport network,
  • Multi-level management (MLG),
  • TEN-T urban node. 

The study presents, for example, proposals for formal changes and cooperation models for the development of the TEN-T core network node in Gdynia, legal and formal aspects related to the development of the TEN-T core network node in Gdynia, good practices of multi-level management in TEN-T transport policy, recommendations for MLG of EU projects and others, local, regional and subregional bases of building MLG in Gdynia, consistent EU and national MLG building rules (significant for Gdynia), entities pursuing development policy, MLG in leading the country's development policy, multilevel Gdynia management, TEN-T network in Gdynia.

Gdynia seaport and its rail and road terminals as well as the port connections of the last mile with the road and rail connections of Gdańsk airport - determine Gdynia is in fact a core network node in passenger and freight transport.

In its area, basic or comprehensive TEN-T infrastructure projects and other transport infrastructure development projects are implemented or planned for implementation - for mobility in passenger and freight transport, belonging to different infrastructure managers.

The Gdynia location as the gateway of the Baltic-Adriatic corridor gives the European added value to B-A corridor’s infrastructure in the city; in addition to the potential value of Poland - it leads to a significant improvement in transport connections or transport flows between Member States, especially motorways of the sea.

3.Gdynia CNC node statistics data atlas – 2016

The statistical report is a pilot document on a European scale, presenting a numerical image of the node of the TEN-T core network in Gdynia, based on data of all transport modes in 2015-2016.

4. Research report – The stakeholders' tendency (suppliers, clients, employees) of the back-up facilities of the Port of Gdynia to cooperate for the benefit of logistic efficiency of the transport / urban junction within the TEN-T core network in Gdynia

Its goal was to acquire information on different aspects of operations in the context of identification of the propensity of stakeholders (suppliers, clients, employees) of the back-up facilities of the Port of Gdynia to cooperate for the benefit of logistic efficiency of the transport/city junction within the TEN-T core network in Gdynia.

5. Pilot action plan: Gdynia CNC urban/transport node (Final report to be finalised in April 2019):

  • Last mile capacity studies for the Gdynia transport node,
  • TEN-T maritime dimension:  MoS Gdynia – Karlskrona Road Map (extending the BAC northwards),
  • Bottlenecks and missing links within the BAC last mile section – from the interoperability and sustainable urban mobility perspectives (including traffic flows),
  • Traffic development forecasts until 2050 vs. capacity of the port-city infrastructure,
  • GdyStat CNC urban/transport node: statistical measures included to the city, port and metropolitan area development (MEGA Gdańsk),
  • A holistic approach to the corridor’s last mile development with established multi-level governance model,
  • Reference for business decisions on supply chains to and from the Port of Gdynia,
  • Added value to the BAC Work Plan – TEN-T revision proposals.

All documents can be found in the download section of the TENTacle website.

For more information please contact: 

Marta Myszor